Valley Fever Outbreaks Lead

Rare diseases hantavirus

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe, respiratory disease caused by infection with a hantavirus. People can become infected with a hantavirus through contact with hantavirus-infected rodents or their saliva, urine and/or droppings. Early symptoms universally include fatigue, fever and muscle aches (especially in the thighs, hips, and/or back), and sometimes include headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and pain. Later symptoms of the syndrome occur 4 to 10 days after initial onset and include coughing and shortness of breath. HPS can be fatal; approximately 38% of individuals with HPS do not survive. There is no cure or specific treatment for HPS, but early diagnosis and treatment in intensive care may increase the chance of recovery.

References

  1. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). CDC. August 29, 2012; Accessed 8/30/2012.
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Popular Q&A

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Why was the hantavirus disease in 1993 a small outbreak and not a larger one

Because of the quick response by the CDC.

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