Rare diseases list Pictures

Rare Neurological Disorder ListPhoto Credit BananaStock/BananaStock/Getty Images

Neurological disorders affect the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body. While many neurological disorders are common, others occur so infrequently that they are recognized as rare disorders. These disorders can cause neurological deficits ranging from slight speech problems and developmental delays to seizures and spastic movements.

Carnosinemia is a rare metabolic disorder that is also known as carnosinase deficiency, hyper-beta carnosinemia and serum carnosinase deficiency. This condition causes neurological deficits and delays in development. Signs and symptoms of this condition include drowsiness, mental retardation and seizures accompanied by involuntary movements of the head, legs and arms. These signs appear in infancy and continue as a child develops.

Syringomyelia is a medical disorder that causes a cyst to form within the spinal cord. As the cyst expands, it destroys the center of the spinal cord. This condition can be caused by birth defects, spinal cord trauma or developmental problems of the brain. Signs and symptoms of syringomyelia can include pain, stiffness, weakness, headaches, bowel and bladder control problems, sexual difficulties and reduced ability to feel hot or cold temperatures.

Meige's syndrome is a form of dystonia - a movement disorder that results in muscle contractions that cause repetitive movements, such as rapid blinking and thrusting of the chin. This condition also causes forceful opening of the jaw, tongue protrusion and spasm of the muscle that overlaps the muscle responsible for rotating the head. Meige's syndrome is also referred to as oromandibular blepharospasm, Brueghel syndrome and idiopathic orofacial dyskinesia.

Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the anterior temporal lobes of the brain. People with this condition may experience memory loss, seizures, dementia, inability to experience normal fear and anger and inability to recognize objects visually. People with Kluver-Bucy syndrome are easily distracted, may display inappropriate sexual behaviors and often insert objects into their mouths. No cure exists for this condition, but treatment can be given to reduce its symptoms.

Simian B virus infection is caused by a type of herpes that is spread by exposure to monkeys or monkey tissues that have been infected with the virus. When the virus invades the body, the brain and its membranes become inflamed. The spinal cord can also be affected by the simian B virus. Antiviral drugs must be given within hours of exposure to the virus. Valcyclovir is the drug of choice, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved it for the treatment of simian B virus infection.

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Popular Q&A

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If you have a rare disease and doctors want to take pictures of your body, can you say no?

also, what if they want to study you? can you deny this aswell?

You do not have to agree to be a teaching subject or have pictures taken. However, they may want the pictures to share with other doctors to get their advice on diagnosis and treatment. Generally, if they are using pictures for teaching purposes, they black out your facial markers.
They wanted to do that with my mother when I was born (surprise twin, they almost killed me.) She said no. When I went to a teaching hospital to have my own children, I said no. I still got treated decently.
However, your doctor does have the right to refuse to treat you.
Food for thought, if they study yo…

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