Rare bone diseases list
What is Bone disease?
bone disease is a condition that damages the skeleton and makes bone feeble and prone to fractures. Weak bones are not a natural part of aging. While strong bones begin in childhood, persons of all ages can advance their bone health. The most common bone disease is osteoporosis, which is distinguished by low bone mass and deterioration of the skeletal part structure. Osteoporosis can be stopped, as well as identified and treated. Low bone mass is when skeletal parts lose minerals, like calcium, that make them powerful, and as an outcome, bones become weakened and fracture effortless. Fractures to weaken bone normally occur from dropping or other common accidents. Other bone diseases include Paget's diseases and osteogenesis imperfecta. Paget's disease affects older men and women, and determinants skeletal deformities and fractures. Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited disorder that causes brittle skeletal parts and frequent fractures in children.
Common bone diseases
Below you can find few most common bone diseases
In this disease, our bone mass declines or bones does not get optimal allowances of calcium and other minerals and the bone structure deteriorates. A low skeletal part mass weakens the bones such that they may shatter, or can fracture easily with a fall or influence. Regrettably, there are no former signs or symptoms of this condition and often a fateful event directs to its breakthrough. Good news: osteoporosis can be prevented, identified and treated.
This disease is a genetic disorder that is distinguished by brittle skeletal parts that break or fracture easily. It is caused by a gene defect in the production of collagen, a protein that is required to make bones strong. Osteogenesis imperfecta even affects the skeletal parts of the inner ear and can cause hearing loss, as well as weak teeth and a bent spine.
According to the National Cancer Institute, the bone cancer disease may be due to a primary cancer disease that begins in the bone or disperses in the bone as secondary cancer from another part of the body such as cancer disease in the lungs, breast or prostate. There are some kinds of primary bone cancers such as leukemia, osteosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma.
Osteomalacia is similar to rickets because it is initiated by a defect in vitamin D metabolism by the body, but it affects mostly in adult persons. It is distinguished by weakening bones and abnormal skeletal part formation.
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare bone disease that can affect any skeletal part in the body. The severity of the disease covers a wide spectrum. It can affect a single skeletal part and proceed unnoticed for years, or it can affect every skeletal part, start very early in life, and result in significant physical impairment. It is initiated by a defective gene in the cells that form bone. The cause of the genetic defect is unidentified, but the defect is neither inherited from the person's parents, neither passed on to the people's kids.
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Book (Department of Radiology, University of Helsinki)