Alphabetical list of rare diseases

Drafted herein is an article that lists the most common infectious diseases. This list has been compiled alphabetically to further the cause of convenient readability. The causative agents, too, have been mentioned along with the disease. There are a number of diseases mentioned in this list, deemed endemic in regions, where thorough medical aid and amenities are scarce. They may, even be unavailable. Besides, certain infections have no preventive vaccines, while for some, vaccines are being processed. However, in most countries, AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria are the three maladies responsible for an increase in mortality rates.


Bacterial Infectious Diseases
☛ Anthrax: multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body.
☛ Bacterial meningitis: inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system, due to Neisseria meningitidis or Streptococcus pneumoniae.
☛ Botulism: blockage of nerve function and respiratory, as well as musculoskeletal paralysis due to toxins from Clostridium botulinum.
☛ Brucellosis: entrance of Brucella spp. bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.
☛ Campylobacteriosis: an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery caused by Campylobacter jejuni.
☛ Cat scratch disease: also regarded as cat scratch fever, Teeny's Disease, or Subacute regional lymphadenitis is known to have been caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. Symptoms start to show between 7 to 14 days or 2 months post a cat scratch; tender regional lymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, malaise, abdominal pain, backache, convulsions or sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation occur.
☛ Cholera: transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causes diarrhea.
☛ Diphtheria: upper respiratory tract infection of Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and is characterized by sore throat, low-grade fever, and an adherent layer on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.
☛ Epidemic Typhus: caused by louse-borne bacteria called Rickettsia prowazekii
☛ Gonorrhea: common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
☛ Impetigo: superficial skin infection that is caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes, and is common in the age group of 2 to 6.
☛ Kawasaki disease: also known as lymph node syndrome, an autoimmune disease of unclear etiology, and has been associated with infections as well as certain genetic and environmental factors. It affects medium-sized blood vessels, and is marked by a tendency for the blood vessels to abnormally swell up.
☛ Legionellosis: pneumonia or acute influenza-like respiratory illness caused by Legionella spp.
☛ Leprosy (Hansen's disease): granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract due to Mycobacterium leprae.
☛ Leptospirosis: biphasic disease with meningitis, liver damage and renal failure due to Leptospira spp.
☛ Listeriosis: Listeria monocytogenes infection that occurs in newborns, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients.

Popular Q&A

Can I have a list of rare diseases?

Rare diseases include Acrocephalosyndactylia, Acrodermatitis, Addison Disease, Adie Syndrome, Alagille Syndrome, and Amylose.

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